If you intend to travel between the UK and the EU in the event of ‘no deal’, the following will apply:
Border checks, VISA and Customs
For UK nationals travelling to the EU
As a UK national, you will no longer be entitled to use the separate EU/EEA/CH lanes at EU border crossing points, and you will be subject to additional checks that you did not have to go through before the UK’s withdrawal. In particular, border guards may ask you to provide information, for instance on the duration and purpose of your stay, as well as on your means of subsistence during your stay.
You will need to bring a passport, which was issued within ten years preceding the date of travel, and which remains valid for at least three months after you plan to leave the EU. The Commission has proposed that UK nationals can travel visa-free to the EU for short stays (i.e. stays of up to 90 days in a 180-day period), if the UK also grants the same arrangement for citizens from all EU Member States.
Your passport will be stamped both when you enter the EU and when you leave it, so that this period of 90 days, which is visa-free, can be calculated.
For EU citizens travelling to the UK
The UK has announced that EU citizens can travel to the UK visa-free for short visits of up to three months. As an EU citizen, you would be allowed to travel to the UK using your passport or, for the time being, your national identity card. The use of identity cards will not be possible after 31 December 2020.
The UK consular authorities of the country where you live are best placed to provide more information.
What about my luggage and goods?
If you are travelling from the UK to the EU, you should be aware that:
- Your luggage and other goods will be subject to customs checks. The UK may apply similar requirements to EU citizens entering the UK;
- You will not be able to bring certain goods into the EU or only in limited amounts. This applies for example to products of animal origin (such as meat, milk, ham or cheese), cash exceeding EUR 10,000, certain cultural goods, plants, plant products, or certain animals. There may be similar restrictions to EU citizens going to the UK;
- If you carry goods in your luggage or hand-baggage, you will be entitled to duty free allowances (this means that goods are exempted from import duty and Value-Added Tax (VAT) and, where applicable, excise duty). You can find information on the goods concerned and the corresponding allowances on the European Commission website.
Healthcare when travelling
European Health Insurance Card in the UK
EU citizens will no longer be able to access healthcare in the UK with their European Health Insurance Card. Check with your health insurance provider if emergency medical expenses in a non-EU country are reimbursed. If not, consider taking out private travel insurance.
As a UK national, will I be able to use the European Health Insurance Card when travelling in the EU?
No, as a UK national you will not be able to access healthcare in an EU Member State on the basis of the European Health Insurance Card.
If you are insured in the UK and you intend to travel in an EU Member State, check with your health insurance provider if emergency medical expenses in EU Member States are reimbursed. If not, consider taking out private travel insurance.
I hold a UK driving licence. Will it be valid in all EU Member States?
In the EU, the recognition of driving licences issued by third countries is regulated at national level. Therefore, you should check the national rules in each of the EU Member States in which you intend to drive. Some EU Member States require that you hold an international driving permit to drive in their country. You should check with the authorities of the EU Member State(s) in which you intend to drive regarding the rules for recognising UK driving licences.
I hold a driving licence from an EU Member State. Will it be valid in the UK?
That depends on UK law. The UK has announced that you can continue to drive on a valid EU driving licence when you visit the UK.
Will there be conditions when travelling with pets?
If you are travelling with your pet from the EU to the UK, you should check which requirements the UK intends to apply to people travelling from the EU. You may need either a third country pet passport, or an animal health certificate.
If you are travelling with pets from the UK to the EU, you will have to respect EU rules on the movement of pets.
These rules provide that the pets:
- Must have an identification chip implanted;
- Must have received an anti-rabies vaccination;
- Must have undergone a rabies antibody titration test;
- Must comply with any preventive health measure for diseases and infections other than rabies;
- Must be accompanied by a duly completed and issued identification document.
Furthermore, pets must pass through a point of entry designated by Member States.
Will EU roaming rules continue to apply in the UK?
No. Companies providing mobile communication services, such as voice calls, text messages or data, will no longer be bound by EU roaming rules when operating in the UK.
This means that these companies may apply surcharges to UK customers using roaming services in the EU, and to EU citizens using roaming services in the UK.